📘Key Concepts in Geomorphology ✍Paul R. Bierman, David R. Montgomery
کتاب «مفاهیم کلیدی در ژئومورفولوژی» برای دورههای مقدماتی ژئومورفولوژی، رویکردی منسجم از مفاهیم کلیدی در ژئومورفولوژی، آن هم مبتنی بر نقش و کاربرد مطالعه سطح زمین پویا را ارایه میدهد.
«بیرمِن» و «مونتگومری»، برای نگارش این کتاب از دانستهها و مفاهیم کاربردی علوم فیزیک، شیمی، زیستشناسی و ریاضیات بهره گرفتهاند تا دانشجویان ، توانایی یادگیری پایهای و درک اساسیتر از فرایندهای سطح زمین و تکامل توپوگرافی در طول بازههای زمانی کوتاه و بلند داشته باشند.
این کتاب چگونگی و شیوه واکنش دانشمندان زمینشناس را در پژوهشها و تحقیقات ژئومورفولوژیکی برای رویارویی با چالشها و مسائل بحرانی اجتماعی بهویژه در برنامههای عملی کاربردیشان به خوبی نشان میدهد. مسائل و چالشهایی همانند واکنش به بلایای طبیعی، نحوه ایجاد زیرساختهای ایمنتر، حفاظت از گونهها و غیره …
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Written for introductory geomorphology courses this textbook offers an integrative, applications-centred approach to the study of the Earth’s dynamic surface. Bierman and Montgomery draw from the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics to help students get a basic understanding of Earth surface processes and the evolution of topography over short and long timescales. The authors also hone in on practical applications, showing how scientists are using geomorphological research to tackle critical societal issues (natural disaster response, safer infrastructure, protecting species, and more).
Exceptionally concise and community vetted, each chapter is focused specifically on key concepts and underlying principles rather than regional or local examples. The book's philosophy emerged from a National Academy of Sciences workshop on the future of the textbook and the table of contents was determined by over 60 geomorphologists gathered to identify core concepts and areas of common interest that future geomorphologists need to know.
⛏ FEATURES Consistent Chapter Themes focus on a consistent structure of themes, including mass transport, energy transfer, and explicit linkages between the processes that shape Earth?s surface and the landforms and deposits those processes leave behind. ⛏A Digging Deeper section posing a key question for students to explore, with in-line citations to relevant literature, figures from important journal articles, and summary of relevant geomorphic thinking ⛏A Worked Problem at the end of the chapter, taking students step by step through a key quantitative or qualitative exercise ⛏A Knowledge Assessment for student self-evaluation-a great resource for review and test prep Suggested readings, including classic, recent peer-reviewed papers, and reference texts.
I am a geologist with broad, interdisciplinary interests in both research and teaching. I have been at the University of Vermont since 1993. I oversee the Cosmogenic Nuclide Lab and the Landscape Change Program. Since coming to UVM in 1993, my students and I have published more than 80 refereed papers and presented more than 200 abstracts on research ranging from the erosion of Africa to teaching hydrology via service learning. Our work has been supported by grants from the NSF, DoD, USGS, UVM, and private foundations.
One theme ties my research and that of my students together: erosion. Over the past two decades, my students and I have used a variety of techniques to figure how, where, and how quickly material is shed from Earth's surface. We have used cosmogenic isotopes such as 10-Be to track sediment from its ori
gin on bedrock outcrops to its resting place in sedimentary deposits all over the world. In the arctic, we've examined the influence of ice temperature on glacial erosion in Baffin Island and Greenland. In the deserts of Australia, we've demonstrated that rock surfaces remain nearly unchanged over millions of years. In Vermont, we've used lake cores, alluvial fan trenches, and the historic image record to document how 10,000 years of mega storms and 200 years of human impact have changed the face of our landscape.
I enjoy teaching and mentoring at a variety of levels. Since coming to UVM, I have advised six doctoral and 28 master's students, all of whom have gone on to work in geoscience fields or pursue additional degrees and most of whom have published their work in refereed, professional journals including Nature and Science. Each year, I coordinate a graduate seminar that stresses the importance of communication and which has always included students from a wide variety of natural science disciplines including Geology, Natural Resources, Botany, Soil Science, and Engineering. My undergraduate teaching includes Geomorphology, a course that with support from NSF's distinguished teacher scholar program, I am overhauled to incorporate pedagogical best practices. Each year I teach Earth Hazards to 200+ students; it's a course dedicated to sharing my excitement about the importance and societal relevance of science while teaching introductory students how Earth works. For a week each summer, I am the lead instructor working with high school teachers and students in the science strand Governor's Institute of Vermont, a residential program for highly motivated Vermont high school students. I am the author of two undergraduate textbooks.
Bierman, P., Shakun, J., Rood, D, Corbett, L., and Zimmerman, S. (2016). Marine-sediment 10Be and 26Al records of a persistent and dynamic East Greenland Ice Sheet over the past 7.5 Myr. NATURE. 540, 256–260. doi:10.1038/nature20147 Bierman, P. R., Davis, P. T., Corbett, L. B., Lifton, N. and Finkel, R. (2015) Cold-based, Laurentide ice covered New England’s highest summits during the Last Glacial Maximum, GEOLOGY. doi:10.1130/G37225.1 Bierman, P..R., Coppersmith, R., Hanson, K., Neveling, J., Portenga, E., Rood, D. (2014) A cosmogenic view of erosion, relief generation, and the age of faulting in southern Africa. GSA Today. v. 24, n.9, 10.1130/GSATG206A.1 Bierman, P. R., Corbett, L., Graly, J., Neumann, T, Lini, A., Crosby, B., and Rood, D., (2014), Preservation of a pre-glacial landscape under the center of the Greenland Ice Sheet, SCIENCE. Bierman, P.R., Howe, J., Stanley-Mann, E., Peabody, M., Hilke, J., and Massey, C.A., (2005). Old images record landscape change through time. GSA Today. V. 15, n. 4, 10:1130/1052-5173(2005)015, p.1 -6.
David Montgomery Professor Participating Faculty, UW Quaternary Research Center Adjunct Professor, UW Civil & Environmental Engineering Participating Faculty, UW Astrobiology Program Office:JHN 341 Phone: 206-685-2560 Email: email@example.com Website: http://gis.ess.washington.edu/grg/ Interests:Geomorphology (fluvial, hillslope, tectonic, and planetary) Research Groups:Geomorphology, Quaternary Research, Planetary Sciences, Planetary Surfaces Education: Ph.D., Geomorphology, University of California, Berkeley Graduate Students: Vivian Leung, Interactions between wood and sediment transport; Sarah Schanz, Strath terrace formation in SW Washington Current Research: David R. Montgomery studies the evolution of topography and the influence of geomorphological processes on ecological systems and human societies. He received his B.S. in geology at Stanford University (1984) and his Ph.D. in geomorphology from UC Berkeley (1991). His published work includes studies of the evolution and near-extirpation of salmon, fluvial and hillslope processes in mountain drainage basins, the evolution of mountain ranges (Cascades, Andes, and Himalaya), and the analysis of digital topography. Current research includes field projects in eastern Tibet and the Pacific Northwest of North America.